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Table 1 Reported incidence of CRPS following surgical procedures of the upper and lower limb

From: Complex regional pain syndrome: a recent update

Region Operation Study Incidence
Upper limb Shoulder Chalmers et al. 2014 [9] 11.1% (1:8)
Arndt et al. 2012 [10] 3.0% (3:97)
Gonzalez et al. 2011 [11] 0.9% (35:3975)
Bishop et al. 2005 [127] 1.3% (1:79)
Borgeat et al. 2001 [12] 1.0% (5:516)
Carpal tunnel release Shinya et al. 1995 [13] 1.9 (2:105)
Litchman et al. 1979 [14] 5.0% (5:95)
MacDonald et al. 1978 [15] 2.2% (4:182)
Dupuytren’s contracture Lily and Stern 2010 [16] 2.0% (1:49)
Bulstrode et al. 2005 [17] 2.4% (6:247)
Lower limb Tibial Sarangi et al. 1993 [19] 31% (9:20)
Ankle and foot Rewhorn et al. 2014 [18] 4.4% (17:373)