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Table 1 Correlation of multiple variants with total burn surface area (TBSA); (SD = standard deviation)

From: Epidemiology of pediatric burns and future prevention strategies—a study of 475 patients from a high-volume burn center in North India

Variables Number of cases (n) Cases in percentage (%) Mean TBSA ± SD (%) P value
Age group (mean±SD age = 6.52 ± 5.4 years)     
 <1 year 28 5.9 25 ± 15 <0.0001
 1–5 years 238 50.1 29 ± 17
 6–10 years 78 16.4 33 ± 19
 11–15 years 91 19.2 56 ± 28
 16–18 years 40 8.4 59 ± 24
Type of burn     <0.0001
 Scalds 232 48.8 27 ± 15
 Thermal 206 43.4 48 ± 27
 Electric 34 7.2 36 ± 24
 Chemical 3 0.6 28 ± 13
Mode of injury     <0.001
 Accidental 463 97.5 36 ± 23
 Homicidal 2 0.4 62 ± 52
 Suicidal 7 1.5 84 ± 22
 Not specified 3 0.6 72 ± 14
Inhalational injury     <0.0005
 Yes 74 15.6 63 ± 26
 No 401 84.4 32 ± 20
Gender     0.001
 Male 281 59.2 33 ± 20
 Female 194 40.8 43 ± 28
Time of year (quarter)     <0.0001
 Jan–Mar 137 28.8 32 ± 21
 Apr–Jun 114 24 45 ± 27
 Jul–Sep 124 26.1 40 ± 25
 Oct–Dec 100 21.1 30 ± 18
Type of referral     0.004
 Direct 250 52.6 35 ± 25
 Indirect 225 47.4 39 ± 23
Total 475 100 37 ± 24