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Table 2 Pediatric formulas for burn fluid resuscitation

From: Pediatric burn resuscitation: past, present, and future

Formula Crystalloid Colloid Glucose Instructions for administration
Eagle 30 ml/%TBSA burn + 10% weight (kg) + 4000 ml/m2 BSA of 0.66 normal saline 20 g of albumin per liter 5% dextrose Administered over 48 h
Cincinnati (younger children) 4 ml/kg/%TBSA burn + 1500 ml/m2 total BSA of LR 12.5 g of 25% albumin per liter of crystalloid in the last 8 h of first 24 h 5% dextrose as needed Half over the first 8 h, half over the next 16 h
Composition of fluid changes every 8 h
First 8 h 50 meq/l of sodium bicarbonate was added. Second 8 h was LR alone. Third 8 h adds albumin
Cincinnati (older children) 4 ml/kg/%TBSA burn + 1500 ml/m2 total BSA of LR None 5% dextrose as needed Half over the first 8 h, half over the next 16 h
Galveston 5000 ml/m2 BSA burn + 2000 ml/m2 total BSA of LR 12.5 g of 25% albumin per liter of crystalloid 5% dextrose as needed Half over the first 8 h, half over the next 16 h
  1. %TBSA percent total body surface area, BSA body surface area, LR lactated Ringer’s