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Table 1 Distribution of patient characteristics between deceased and survivors

From: A prospective analysis of risk factors for pediatric burn mortality at a tertiary burn center in North India

  Mortality Total OR (95% CI) p value
Expired Survived   
Age distribution <1 year 5 (17.86%) 23 (82.14%) 28 (100.00%) 1.000  
1–5 years 53 (22.27%) 185 (77.73%) 238 (100.00%) 1.232 (0.457–3.326) 0.680
6–10 years 22 (28.21%) 56 (71.79%) 78 (100.00%) 1.702 (0.586–4.936) 0.328
11–15 years 46 (50.55%) 45 (49.45%) 91 (100.00%) 4.367 (1.558–12.235) 0.005
16–20 years 23 (57.50%) 17 (42.50%) 40 (100.00%) 5.738 (1.847–17.827) 0.003
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Gender Male 74 (26.33%) 207 (73.67%) 281 (100%) 1.000  
Female 75 (38.66%) 119 (61.34%) 194 (100%) 1.760 (1.190-2.606) 0.005
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100%)   
TBSA % 0–25% 6 (2.75%) 212 (97.25%) 218 (100.00%) 1.000  
26–50% 48 (32.88%) 98 (67.12%) 146 (100.00%) 16.097 (6.846–37.847) <0.001
51–75% 53 (76.81%) 16 (23.19%) 69 (100.00%) 106.002 (40.602–276.745) <0.001
76–100% 42 (100%) 0 (0.00%) 42 (100.00%) 2778.855 (148.754–51,911.6) <0.001
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Depth Full 16 (39.02%) 25 (60.98%) 41 (100.00%) 2.207 (1.092–4.377) 0.028
Mixed 80 (40.20%) 119 (59.80%) 199 (100.00%) 2.298 (1.521–3.496) 0.016
Partial 53 (22.55%) 182 (77.45%) 235 (100.00%) 1.000  
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Mode of injury Accidental 138 (29.81%) 325 (70.19%) 463 (100.00%) 1.000  
Homicidal 1 (50.00%) 1 (50.00%) 2 (100.00%) 2.350 (0.190–29.127) 0.467
Not specified 3 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 3 (100.00%) 16.451 (1.580–2217.575) 0.016
Suicidal 7 (100.00%) 0 (0.00%) 7 (100.00%) 35.253 (4.248–4586.876) <0.001
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Type of burn Chemical 0 (0.00%) 3 (100.00%) 3 (100.00%) 1.000  
Electric 11 (32.35%) 23 (67.65%) 34 (100.00%) 3.426 (0.294–475.488) 0.368
Scald 42 (18.10%) 190 (81.90%) 232 (100.00%) 1.562 (0.147–211.471) 0.757
Thermal 96 (46.60%) 110 (53.40%) 206 (100.00%) 6.113 (0.582–825.884) 0.147
Total   149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Type of referral Direct 70 (28.00%) 180 (72.00%) 250 (100.00%) 1.000  
  Referred 79 (35.11%) 146 (64.89%) 225 (100.00%) 1.389 (0.943–2.050) 0.096
Total   149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Family type Joint 41 (43.62%) 53 (56.38%) 94 (100.00%) 1.000  
  Nuclear 108 (28.35%) 273 (71.65%) 381 (100.00%) 0.511 (0.322–0.814) 0.005
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
House location Rural area 59 (41.26%) 84 (58.74%) 143 (100.00%) 1.000  
Urban area 90 (27.11%) 242 (72.89%) 332 (100.00%) 0.530 (0.352–0.800) 0.003
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Wound culture Growth 64 (24.24%) 200 (75.76%) 264 (100.00%) 4.182 (1.528–11.443)  
  No growth 4 (6.45%) 58 (93.55%) 62 (100%) 1.000 0.005
Total 68 (20.86%) 258 (79.14%) 326 (100.00%)   
Inhalation injury YES 55 (74.32%) 19 (25.68%) 74 (100%) 9.261 (5.349–16.646) <0.001
NO 94 (23.44%) 307 (76.56%) 401 (100%) 1.000
149 (31.37) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100%)  
Total  
Hospital days <1 14 (93.33%) 1 (6.67%) 15 (100.00%) 1.000  
1–10 103 (33.99%) 200 (66.01%) 303 (100.00%) 0.053 (0.009–0.308) 0.001
11–20 17 (15.18%) 95 (84.82%) 112 (100.00%) 0.019 (0.003–.116) <0.001
>30 15 (33.33%) 30 (66.67%) 45 (100.00%) 0.053 (0.008–0.332) 0.002
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
Month of admission 1) January–March 40 (29.20%) 97 (70.80%) 137 (100.00%) 1.000  
2) April–June 49 (42.98%) 65 (57.02%) 114 (100.00%) 1.819 (1.084–3.072) 0.024
3) July–September 50 (40.32%) 74 (59.68%) 124 (100.00%) 1.632 (0.980–2.732) 0.060
4) October–December 10 (10.00%) 90 (90.00%) 100 (100.00%) 0.279 (0.128–0.565) <0.001
Total 149 (31.37%) 326 (68.63%) 475 (100.00%)   
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, TBSA total body surface area