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Table 6 Retrospective studies on inhalational injury, mortality, length of stay and other clinical outcomes

From: Quantifying the impact of inhalational burns: a prospective study

  Our study SGH Chong Texas
Shirani 1987 [17]
Utah
Hollingsed 1993 [18]
North Carolina
Smith 1994 [19]
Tokyo
Suzuki 2005 [2]
Egypt
El-Helbawy 2011 [4]
Taiwan
Chen 2014 [1]
USA
Anand 2015 [3]
n 202 1058 529 1447 5560 281 21,791 506,628
Type of study Prospective study Retrospective single centre Retrospective single centre Retrospective single centre Retrospective multicentre Retrospective single centre Retrospective multicentre Retrospective multicentre
PIB (%) 17.3 35 5.7 19.6 30.4 46.3 7.9 3.47
Age (years) (median)
Overall: 42
PIB: 43
PCB: 35
PCB: 27 Abnormal xenography: 37
Abnormal bronchoscope: 39
(mean)
PIB: 20.2
RF: 36.6
(mean)
Overall: 30 (3 months–93 years)
(mean (SD))
Overall: 40.1 (26.2)
PIB: 49.0 (20.5) PCB: 36.2(27.4)
(mean(SD))
Overall: 30.9 (22.6)
(mean) Overall: 30
%TBSA (median)
Overall: 5
PIB: 5
PCB: 9
PCB: 23
Abnormal xenography: 37
Abnormal bronchoscope:50
(mean)
PIB: 16.2
RF: 40.4
(mean)18% (0.4–100%) mean (SD))
Overall: PIB: 29.9 (30.3)
PCB: 16.1 (17.3)
mean Overall: 12.2%
Mortality (%) Overall 3.5
PIB: 17.1
PCB: 0.6
Overall: 22.7
PIB: 46.6
PCB: 9.6
Overall: 6.2
PIB -without RF:0
- with RF: 27
PCB:
- without RF: 3
- with RF: 50
Overall 9.5
PIB 31
PCB 4.3
Overall: 15.8
PIB: 33.6
PCB: 8.1
Overall: 23.1
PIB: 41.5
PCB: 7.2
Overall 2.1
PIB: 17.9
PCB: 0.76
Overall 3.73
PIB: 4× increase in mortality vs PCB
Length of stay (days) PIB: 21
PCB: 8
PIB
- without RF: 17.8
- with RF: 42.6
PCB
- without RF: 15.4
-with RF: 43.2
PIB: 9
PCB: 6
Other outcomes Pneumonia
ARDS, AKI
infection
IV antibiotics, ICU days
Pneumonia
PIB: 38%
PCB: 8.8%
ARDS
PIB: 20%
PCB: 2%
Rate of dying due to pneumonia, sepsis and wound infection is higher in PIB Hospital charges (median)
PIB: US$32,070
PCB: US$ 17,600
  1. PIB patients with inhalational burns, PCB patients with only cutaneous burns, ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, AKI acute kidney injury, IV intravenous, RF respiratory failure, ICU intensive care unit, %TBSA percentage of total body surface area, SD standard deviation