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Table 3 Logistic regression for predictors associated with mortality in severe burns in a Malaysian burns intensive care unit

From: Survival analysis and mortality predictors of hospitalized severe burn victims in a Malaysian burns intensive care unit

Variable Odds ratio 95% CI p value
Lower Upper
Age group (years)
 ≤ 18 1.00 (reference)
 19–49 2.08 0.08 0.48 0.331
 50–64 3.20 0.64 16.13 0.159
 65–74 5.82 0.93 36.28 0.059
 ≥ 75 2.00 0.16 24.92 0.590
Gender
 Male 1.08 0.54 2.16 0.839
 Female 1.00 (reference)
Place of burn
 Household 0.82 0.45 1.51 0.521
 Industrial 0.93 0.49 1.76 0.813
 Road traffic accident 1.16 0.39 3.50 0.787
 Non-accidental 2.49 1.14 5.45 0.023
 Others 0.37 0.14 0.97 0.044
% TBSA
 0 – 10% 1.00 (reference)
 10 – 20% 1.16 0.25 5.29 0.849
 20 – 30% 4.24 1.09 16.44 0.037
 30 – 40% 11.47 2.81 46.84 0.001
 ≥ 40% 48.36 15.72 148.76 < 0.001
Degree of burn
 Partial-thickness 0.38 0.18 0.80 0.010
 Full-thickness 3.12 1.54 6.32 0.002
Inhalation injury 15.66 7.56 32.42 < 0.001
SIRS at presentation 6.21 2.99 12.88 < 0.001
LOS (days)
 0 – 10 1.00 (reference)
 10 – 20 1.56 0.74 3.28 0.240
 20 – 30 1.12 0.40 3.16 0.826
 30 – 40 1.20 0.33 4.33 0.787
 ≥ 40 1.95 0.72 5.26 0.189
  1. CI confidence interval, % TBSA percentage of total body surface area, SIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome, LOS length of stay