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Table 4 Association of demographic, vital signs and management variables with in-hospital mortality (univariable analysis)

From: Timely completion of multiple life-saving interventions for traumatic haemorrhagic shock: a retrospective cohort study

  Death at hospital discharge (n = 36) Not dead (n = 132) P value
Timely life-saving interventions (≥ 50%), n (%) 12 (33.3%) 42 (31.8%) 0.86
Age (years) 52.2 (SD 23.4) 36.8 (SD 15.2) < 0.01
Male, n (%) 25 (69.4%) 96 (72.7%) 0.70
Pre-hospital care time (h) 1.3 (SD 0.7) 1.1 (SD 0.5) 0.06
Pre-hospital GCS 6 (IQR 3–14) 13 (IQR 10–14) < 0.01
Pre-hospital SBP (mmHg) 72.3 (SD 27.0) 64.7 (SD 34) 0.16
Pre-hospital HR (b/min) 121.8 (SD 16.4) 122.7 (SD 15.8) 0.77
Trauma centre SBP (mmHg) 86.9 (SD 62.0) 120.4 (SD 31.1) < 0.01
Trauma centre HR (b/min) 92.3 (SD 48.1) 114.1 (SD 20.2) < 0.01
Initial lactate (mmol/l)    < 0.01
 0–2.0 4 27
 2.1–4.0 3 49
 ≥ 4.0 22 40
Coagulopathy (INR > 1.5), n (%) 30 (83.3%) 60 (45.4%) < 0.01
Initial haemoglobin (g/dl) 98.8 (SD 30.9) 120.1 (SD 22.8) < 0.01
ISS    0.06
 < 25 9 45
 26–35 6 42
 36–45 9 23
 > 45 12 22
Number of interventions    0.08
 1 3 27
 2 6 22
 3 11 37
 4 9 38
 5 7 8
  1. SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, GCS glasgow coma scale, SBP systolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, INR international normalised ratio, ISS injury severity score
  2. Data presented by median ± IQR or mean ± SD