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Table 1: Articles included in review

From: Sexuality following trauma injury: A literature review

Author(s) Title Participants (n) Methods Sexuality issues addressed
SCI Articles     
  Anderson et al., (2007) Spinal cord injury influences psychogenic as well as physical components of female sexuality 87 (f) General questionnaire* Sexual response
Sexual satisfaction
  Anderson et al., (2007) Long-term effects of spinal cord injury on sexual function in men: Implications for neuroplasticity 199 (m) General questionnaire* Sexual response
Sexual satisfaction
  Cardoso et al., (2008) Self-awareness of the male sexual response after spinal cord injury 90 (m) General questionnaire* Sexual response
  Ferreiro-Velasco et al., (2005) Sexual issues in a sample of women with spinal cord injury 37 (f) Semi structured interview Sexual response
Sexual satisfaction
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Fisher et al., (2002) Sexual health after spinal cord injury: A longitudinal study 32 (m) 8 (f) The Sexual Health Needs Survey* Sexual activity
Sexual adjustment
Sexual satisfaction
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Forsythe and Horsewell (2006) Sexual rehabilitation of women with a spinal cord injury 70 (f) Discussions from workshops Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Hess et al., (2007) The experience of four individuals with paraplegia enrolled in an outpatient interdisciplinary sexuality program 4 (m) Sexual History Questionnaire* Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Kettl et al., (1991) Female sexuality after spinal cord injury 27 (f) Descriptive questionnaire* Sexual satisfaction
Sexual response
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Kreuter et al., (2008) Sexuality and sexual life in women with spinal cord injury: A controlled study 532 (f) Spinal Cord Injury Women Questionnaire* Sexual activity
Sexual response
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Kreuter et al., (1996) Sexual adjustment and quality of relationships in spinal paraplegia: A controlled study 64 (m) 11 (f) Relationship questionnaire* Sexual activity
Quality of Life Visual analogue Sexual response
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) Sexual satisfaction
  Leibowitz (2005) Sexual rehabilitation services after spinal cord injury: What do women want? 24 (f) Semi structured interviews Sexual activity
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Leibowitz and Stanton (2007) Sexuality after spinal cord injury: A conceptual model 24 (f) Semi structured interviews Sexual activity
Sexual response
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Lysberg and Severinsson (2003) Spinal cord injured women’s views of sexuality: A Norwegian survey 48 (f) Descriptive questionnaire* Sexual satisfaction
  Mendes et al., (2008) Sexual satisfaction in people with spinal cord injury 90 (m) (40 with SCI, 50 without SCI) Descriptive questionnaire* Sexual response
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Li & Yau (2006) Sexual issues and concerns: Tales of Chinese women with spinal cord impairments 10 (f) In-depth interviews Sexual activity
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Parker and Yau (2012) Sexuality and women with spinal cord injury 4 (f) Semi-structured interviews Sexual adjustment
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Phelps et al., (2001) Spinal cord injury and sexuality in married or partnered men: Activities, function, needs, and predictors of sexual adjustment 50 (m) Multiple choice questionnaire* Sexual response
Sexual satisfaction
Sexual adjustment
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Potgieter and Khan (2005) Sexual self-esteem and body image of South African spinal cord injured adolescents 4 (m) 3 (f) Descriptive questionnaires* Sexual adjustment
In-depth interviews
  Reitz et al., (2004) Impact of spinal cord injury on sexual health and quality of life 47 (m) 16 (f) Descriptive questionnaire* Sexual activity
Sexual satisfaction
Sexual adjustment
  Richards et al., (1997) Women with complete spinal cord injury: A phenomenological study of sexuality and relationship experiences 15 (f) Semi-structured interviews Sexual response
Sexual activity
Sexual adjustment
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Singh and Sharma (2005) Sexuality and women with spinal cord injury 40 (f) Interview questionnaire* Sexual response
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Tepper et al., (2001) Women with complete spinal cord injury: A phenomenological study of sexual experiences 15 (f) Semi-structured interviews Sexual response
Sexual activity
Sexual adjustment
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Westgren and Levi (1999) Sexuality after injury: Interviews with women after traumatic spinal cord injury 8 (f) Structured interviews Sexual activity
Sexual concerns
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Westgren et al., (1997) Sexuality in women with traumatic spinal cord injury 62(f) Structured interviews Sexual activity
Descriptive questionnaire* Sexual satisfaction
Descriptive questionnaire*  
  White et al., (1993) Sexual activities, concerns and interests of women with spinal cord injury living in the community 40 (f) Functional Independence Measure (FIM) Sexual activity
Sexuality and rehabilitation
TBI Articles     
  Dombrowski et al., (2000) Rehabilitation treatment of sexuality issues due to acquired brain injury 2 (m) 1 (f) Case studies Sexual activity
Sexual behaviour
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Gaudet et al., (2001) Self-reported consequences of traumatic brain injury: A study of contrasting TBI and Non-TBI participants 26 (m TBI) 24 (f TBI), 22 (m non-TBI) 33 (f non-TBI) Descriptive questionnaires* Sexual satisfaction
Sexual adjustment
  Kreuter et al., (1998) Sexual adjustment and its predictors after traumatic brain injury 65 (m) 27 (f) Descriptive questionnaire* Sexual response
Sexual activity
Sexual satisfaction
  O’Carroll et al., (1991) Psychosexual and psychosocial sequelae of closed head injury 30 (m) 6 (f) Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS) Sexual response
General Health Questionnaire Sexual activity
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) Sexual satisfaction
  Ponsford (2003) Sexual changes associated with traumatic brain injury 143 (m) 65 (f) Descriptive questionnaire* Sexual response
Sexual activity
Sexual adjustment
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Sandel et al., (1996) Sexual functioning following traumatic brain injury 39 (m) 13 (f) Derogatis Interview for Sexual Function (DISF) Neuropsychological measures Sexual response
  Sexual activity
Neuropsychological measures Sexual adjustment
Burn Articles     
  Dobkin de Rios et al., (1997) Sexual dysfunction and the patient with burns 4 (m) 1 (f) Case Reports Sexual response
  Bianchi (1997) Aspects of sexuality after bur injury: Outcomes in men 40 (m) The Sexuality Scale Sexual adjustment
  Connell et al., (2012) Sexuality following burn injuries: A preliminary study 268 (m) 94 (f) Burns Specific Health Scale-Brief Version Sexual adjustment
Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Meyer et al., (2011) Sexual attitudes and behaviour of young adults who were burned as children 50 (m) 42(f) What Young People Believe and Do Questionnaire Sexual activity
Sexual adjustment
  Parrott and Esmail (2010) Burn survivors’ perceptions regarding relevant sexual education strategies Phase 1: 3 (m) 5 (f) Semi-structures interviews Sexual adjustment
Phase 2: 3 (m) 1 (f) Focus group Sexuality and rehabilitation
  Robert et al., (1998) Impact of disfiguring burn scars on adolescent sexual development 10 (m) 9 (f) What Young People Believe and Do-Revised (WYPBD) Sexual activity
Sexual adjustment
  1. *Denotes questionnaires developed by the author for the purposes of their study and thus not validated. (m) = males (f) = females. Gender labels male and female were used as this is how gender was represented within the literature. SCI = Spinal cord injury, TBI = Traumatic brain injury